About Antoni Gaudi
If you’re a lover of architecture, and you happen to be in Spain, you may want to check out the work of Antoni Gaudi, one of the country’s foremost Catalan architects whose organic, modernist style is world-renowned.
Antoni Gaudi was born on June 25, 1852 in Reus, Spain and lived until June 10, 1926. He grew up on the Mediterranean coastal area of Spain in Catalonia amongst humble beginnings as the son of a coppersmith. He never married but remained close to his family, sharing his home with his father and niece later on. His studies began in Barcelona but continued in Catalonia, taking eight years to complete due to military service and other pursuits in between.
Facts About Antoni Gaudi
What makes Gaudi so interesting and unique is that his architectural style cannot be defined in just one area. It evolved from leaving the Provincial School of Architecture in Barcelona and would come to transcend the Catalan Modernista movement with designs inspired by the natural world.
His first style could be connected to Victorianism, but he graduated to an interest in the juxtaposition of geometric masses with surfaces that consisted of patterned brick or stone, brightly colored ceramic tiles, and floral or reptilian metalwork. This architectural style evolution could be most closely linked to a Moorish influence known as Mudéjar, which is a combination of Muslim and Christian design. Examples of this style are the Casa Vicens, El Capricho, the Gell Estate and Gell Palace.
More Facts About Antoni Gaudi
Next, Gaudi tried his hand at different types of historic styles, including Gothic as seen in the Episcopal Palace, Astorga, and the Casa de los Botines, León. Even Baroque influences can be seen in works like the Casa Calvet.From there, Gaudi took on a more conventional style to his architecture, focusing on designs based primarily on structure and materials.
In Villa Bell Esguard, Gell Park, and the Colonia Gell Church, he created a style known as an equilibrated structure, one that is designed to stand on its own without any internal bracing or external buttressing, similar to how Gaudi saw a tree. To achieve this, his architectural system consisted of piers and columns that tilted to create diagonal thrusts as well as thin-shell, laminated tile vaults that exerted just a little thrust. Examples include the Casa Batlló and the Casa Milá. Gaudi was also an important participant in what was known as Renaixensa, an artistic revival of the arts and crafts movement that also tied to a fervent anti-Castilian political movement called “Catalanism.” Both were intended to re-establish a way of life in Catalonia that had been previously suppressed by the government in Madrid.
Additional Facts About Antoni Gaudi
Gaudi’s final years were spent building the church of the Holy Family, or Sagrada Familia, in Barcelona, which remains unfinished to this day. After suffering the loss of his niece and main collaborator amidst a devastating economic crisis, he threw himself into the work entirely, and his guiding vision would serve to shape the continued construction of one of the world’s most architecturally daunting cathedrals for nearly a century after his death.
The Sagrada Familia, which stands as one of seven of Gaudi’s works recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, was consecrated in 2010 by Pope Benedict XVI and stands as a testament to the incredible work of the man whom many have come to call, “God’s Architect.”
This Antoni Gaudi Net Worth profile originated at WealthyGenius.com